阎罗法王

Yama Dharmaraja (Buddhist Protector) - Outer

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编号:HAR404

中文名称:阎罗法王

英文名称: Yama Dharmaraja (Buddhist Protector) - Outer

尺幅:84.45x60.33cm (33.25x23.75in)

类别:彩唐

材质:棉布

题材:人物

收藏:Rubin Museum of Art

地域:西藏

年份:19世纪(1800 - 1899)

传承:格鲁,萨迦,

内容:Yama Dharmaraja (Tibetan: shin je cho gyal. English: the Lord of Death, King of the Law): protector of the Vajrabhairava (Yamantaka) cycle of tantras.At the top center is the dakini Simhamukha (Lion Faced One), blue in colour, with one face and two hands holding upraised in the right a curved knife and in the left a skullcup and katvanga in the bend of the elbow. To the left is Vyaghramukha (Tiger Faced One) in the same appearance, save for the lower garment of tiger skin and katvanga staff. On the right is Rikshamukha (Bear Faced One) again without the tiger skin and katvanga.At the left edge of the middle of the painting a small figure of Avalokiteshvara is depicted seated in a cave. At the bottom right a tiger devours a corpse. At the bottom center, spread upon mats of tiger and human skin, are three offerings arranged in three skullcups, nectar, the five senses and blood. An arrow with silk streamers is placed adorning the offering of the senses.Yama Dharmaraja (also known as Kalarupa) is a wisdom deity protector of the father class of Anuttarayoga Tantra specifically employed by those engaged in the practices of the Vajrabhairava (Yamantaka) tantras and is found in all the Sarma Schools. The Gelugpa tradition holds Yama Dharmaraja in a special regard as one of the three main Dharma protectors of the School along with the Shadbhuja Mahakala (one face, six hands) and Vaishravana. These three were the special protectors of Lama Tsongkapa. Although similar in appearance and name Yama Dharmaraja is not the same individual as Yama the 'Lord of Death' depicted as the central figure in Buddhist depictions of the hell realms.Indian Lineage: Vajradhara, Shri Vajrabhairava, Jnana Dakini, Lalitavajra, Vajrasana, Amoghavajra, Jnana Sambhava Bepa, Padmavajra, Dipamkara Shrijnana, (the Nepali) Bharo Chag Dum, (the Tibetan) Ra Lotsawa Dorje Drag, etc.Jeff Watt 6-98

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