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金刚萨埵-7位

金刚萨埵是印度梵语的音译,又译为“金刚持”、“金刚手”、“普贤”,意为勇猛大士。在藏传佛教中,其身份比较复杂,有两种不同的说法:一种认为他是本初佛。很多藏传佛教经典宣称,大日如来为密教初祖,金刚萨埵是第二祖,他与金刚持、普贤王如来是同体而异名;一种认为他是菩萨,是普贤菩萨的变化形象,与普贤菩萨同体而异名。《大日经疏》解释“普贤”的意义说:“普是遍一切处义,贤是最妙善义,谓菩提心所起愿行及身口意悉皆平等,遍一切处,纯一妙善,具备众德,故以为名。”首都博物馆收藏有一尊世纪合金铜铸造的金刚萨埵像,其方形台座的束腰部位雕有两只大象,这两只大象代表的是金刚萨埵的坐骑,表明了金刚萨埵与普贤菩萨确实有着密切的关系。(以上摘自“龘藏”) 
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Vajrasattva is a Buddhist deity originating in India and primarily functioning universally as a Tantric practice for the purification of sins and defilements. Vajrasattva also has a number of forms used as meditational deities (ishtadevata, yidam).

The 'Solitary Universal Ruler,' in the single aspect without consort, arises from the Yoga Tantras. Vajrasattva is the inner form of the primodial buddha Vajradhara and represents all the Buddha Families. 

In the New (Sarma) Schools of Tibetan Buddhism Vajrasattva with consort arises from the class of Anuttarayoga Tantra, specifically from the Abhidhanottara Tantra, 25th chapter, and is known as Heruka Vajrasattva. 

In the Nyingma Tradition Vajrasattva is not only a deity of purification but an important meditational deity with many Kama (Oral) and Terma (Treasure) traditions. The most famous meditational form is the Vajrasattva of the Mindroling Monastery Tradition commonly known as the Min-ling Dor-sem.

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相关阅读:
《忏罪之有力本尊——金刚萨埵》
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