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上师-萨迦-萨迦五祖-索南孜摩-1位

萨迦派的第二祖索南孜摩(1142——1182年),幼年跟随父亲贡噶宁布学习萨迦派教法,年长後赴桑浦寺拜噶当派高僧恰巴却吉僧格为师,学习慈氏五论和因明等显密教法。贡噶宁布去世後,索南孜摩继任父亲法位,成为第二祖。但索南孜摩继任法位不久,便将法位即萨迦寺主持职位,让给弟弟札巴坚赞,自己集中精力,专心修习佛法。
他主要在前藏的桑浦寺研习佛教显密教法。因而索南孜摩博通显密,尤以注重密宗修炼和严守戒律而誉满当时藏传佛教界;同时,他还娴熟藏族文化五明学,即声明学、工巧明学、医方明学、因明学和内明学,为推动藏族传统文化的进一步发展作出贡献。
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Sonam Tsemo, 1142-1182, also called Lobpon Sonam Tsemo (bsod nams rtse mo) of the Khon family was the second of the Sakya Jetsun Gongma Nga, (sa skya rje btsun gong ma lnga) who were the five founding patriarchs of the Sakya order. He was also the fourth Sakya throne holder, although he served as active head of the monastery for only a few years. His mother was called Machig Odron (ma gcig 'od sgron). Like his father he remained a layman throughout his life, although he never married or had children. He was identified as the reincarnation of the Indian scholar Durgachandra (or Durjayachandra) the master of Drogmi Lotsawa Shakya Yeshe's ('brog mi lotsawa shakya ye shes) teacher Viravajra, in India.

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