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上师-噶举-玛尔巴-6位

藏传佛教噶举派塔布噶举支派奠基人玛尔巴,他原名却吉洛追。西藏洛札人。15岁时到牛古垅寺从卓弥释迦意希学梵语,后变卖家产,多次赴印度、尼泊尔,从那饶巴、弥勒巴(或译密则巴)诸师学密教「喜金刚」法(亦译「双喜金刚」法)、「密集」、「大印」等密法和经典。返藏后,在卓窝垅定居,授徒译经,兼营农、商业。一生未出家,有译师称号。1077年,米拉日巴从其门下,经过6年8个月的观察,以米拉日巴「根器」可成就,而向他口传全部密法。后米拉日巴又传塔布拉杰。至塔布拉杰时,形成塔布噶举支派。噶举派授徒传法时,注重师徒口耳相传,始自玛尔巴,以后成为此派之传统。玛尔巴按印度密教习惯,穿白色僧裙修法,后来白色僧裙遂成为噶举派世代相传的袈裟式样,故噶举派俗称白教。塔布噶举支派建立以后,被尊为初祖。 
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Marpa Chokyi Lodro, Translator (1012-1096 [p2636]): founder of one of the two schools named Kagyu (the Oral Tradition) in Tibetan Buddhism. Marpa's tradition was called Kagyu and after him was called Marpa Kagyu to differentiate the tradition from the unrelated Shangpa Kagyu founded by Kedrub Kyungpo Naljor.
Marpa's most famous student was Milarepa, but probably his most beloved student was Dharmadode. (See a Milarepa: Teachers & Students Outline).

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